Two days ago, Ms. Wang sneezed and suddenly felt that her lower body was wet and urinary incontinence occurred. Then Ms. Wang hurried to the hospital for an examination. The doctor said it was because Ms. Wang’s pelvic floor was relatively loose, causing urine leakage. Ms. Wang’s situation is more common among women, especially women who have given birth. The following briefly introduces the causes and care of female patients with urinary incontinence.
Reasons for women to suffer from urinary incontinence
From the physical structure, when women contract the anus, they can usually only drive the back of the vagina to tighten, and cannot control the co-contraction of the urethra. Women who regularly exercise the pelvic floor muscles can contract the urethra by clamping the anus.
In order for the baby to be born smoothly, the opening under the pelvis of women is usually wider than that of men, and the area of the pelvic floor muscles is also larger, so the pelvic floor of women is more prone to decline.
Short urethra is also the reason why women are prone to urinary incontinence. Women’s urethra is relatively short. If urine leaves the bladder, it will be excreted through a very short path; while men’s urethra is longer, and the overall length is about five times that of women. If abdominal pressure increases, women are more likely to develop urinary incontinence symptoms. Of course, as the age continues to increase, both men and women will have corresponding muscle decline problems. In this case, men may also suffer from urinary incontinence, but the overall probability is lower than that of women.
Causes of urinary incontinence in women
Obese patients, pregnant people, patients with lung diseases, and women who often smoke and drink alcohol may experience some stressful urinary incontinence, mainly due to the relative relaxation of the pelvic floor, which leads to increased abdominal pressure and eventually urinary incontinence.
There is another type of urinary incontinence. There are many reasons for this type of urinary incontinence. For example, female patients often drink some irritating drinks, such as coffee, strong tea, etc., or eat some irritating foods, which can cause irritation. Women’s bladder causes urinary incontinence. In addition, some female patients have diseases that cause urinary obstruction, such as diabetes, which will directly affect their bladder function and cause urge incontinence.
In clinical investigations, middle-aged women have more cases of urinary incontinence, accounting for about 24%, especially in bed-ridden female patients. Modern people are under great pressure in work and life, and urinary incontinence is becoming younger and younger. Once coughing, sneezing or carrying heavy objects, patients will experience urinary incontinence, which affects daily life and work. Females have a shorter and straighter urinary tract, and are more likely to suffer from urinary tract infections than men. Therefore, female urinary incontinence can easily lead to vulvar eczema, dermatitis and urinary tract infections. In addition, some female patients are unwilling to actively seek help from a doctor. Not getting better will affect a healthy life.
Nursing care of female patients with urinary incontinence
For patients with urinary incontinence, this disease can be cured. In daily life, female patients should pay attention to the protection of genital diseases. Patients need to wash their own genitals frequently to ensure that the genitals are clean. At the same time, female patients also need to strengthen exercise, especially the strength of the pelvic muscles. Usually, you can do some sphincter movements or squatting movements to exercise female patients’ pelvic strength. For obese patients, it is necessary to lose weight in time and maintain a healthy attitude. Once symptoms of urinary incontinence occur, female patients should seek the help of a doctor in time for active treatment.
In addition, female patients can also urinate regularly to reduce their own urinary incontinence. If the patient has urinary incontinence after holding the urine for 3 hours, the patient can urinate regularly every 2 hours, so that the bladder no longer stores a large amount of urine and reduces The occurrence of urinary incontinence. If the patient’s urinary incontinence is more serious, he needs to resort to surgery for treatment and take corresponding life care measures.
Women should develop good habits in daily life and work, and prevent the emergence of bad habits, such as smoking and alcohol abuse. For female patients with different degrees of urinary incontinence, it is necessary to do a good job of targeted treatment and active protection at the same time, only in this way can the situation of female patients with urinary incontinence be effectively improved.