Three kinds of skin diseases in autumn

Recently, Ms. Huang felt weak, her appetite deteriorated, and she had some fever. Later, some rashes appeared out of thin air on her waist, which quickly turned into blisters. Ms. Huang didn’t dare to neglect, she hurried to the hospital for examination. After the examination, the doctor said that she had herpes zoster, a common skin disease in autumn.

Shingles, commonly known as “snake wrap around the waist”, is mainly manifested as unilateral, striped, rashes and blisters distributed along nerve fibers on the waist, accompanied by pain. The culprit is the varicella-zoster virus. Although “snake loincloth” is an adult disease, the root cause is in childhood. Patients have often suffered from chickenpox in their early childhood. The virus still exists after cure, and travels along the sensory nerves, and “lurks” in one or more dorsal root ganglia and trigeminal ganglia. When the physique becomes weak, disease invades, or After certain treatments have damaged the immune function of the human body, the virus is reactivated and proliferates in local cells along the nerve axons to the chest, abdomen or facial skin areas innervated by the corresponding nerves, forming a typical “snake loincloth”.

Most “snake wrap around” disease course is self-limited, but people with low resistance, such as people with AIDS, lymphoma, and people who use immunosuppressants such as prednisone, herpes zoster is not limited to a certain area, but If it floods, the consequences will be bad.

The limited “snake wrap around the waist” does not endanger life and safety, but it can also leave a shadow on health, causing pain, skin scars, neurological dysfunction, and post-neuralgia and other complications, such as violation of the sacral plexus Nerves can cause urinary and bowel disorders; infringement of the head can cause facial paralysis, taste disorders, hearing and vision disorders. Therefore, we must take this disease seriously regardless of its severity.

Prevention:

* Develop good hygiene habits, take a bath frequently, change underwear frequently, keep your skin clean and hygienic, and don’t let the virus attack you.

*Strengthen physical exercise, enhance physical fitness and disease resistance, and prevent virus infection.

*Already suffering from “snakes around the waist”, try to keep the rash surface dry and reduce friction. Use 5% herpes cleanser to apply. For eye rashes, use 0.1% to 0.5% herpes cleansing eye drops for dripping eyes, and hydrogen peroxide for ulcerated purulent patients. rinse.

* One or two antiviral drugs can be selected among antiviral drugs such as polyinosin, transfer factor, interferon, and Virus to relieve pain, shorten the course of the disease, and recover as soon as possible.

*It is also possible to use proprietary Chinese medicines such as Ji Desheng Snake Medicine, Yunnan Baiyao, Qili San, Liushen Pills, Zijin Ding, etc. for oral administration and external application, and good results can be obtained.

* Look up cancer. Clinicians have observed that if you suffer from “snake loincloth” unfortunately, don’t just stop at dealing with skin lesions. It is best to take a step further to see if there is any greater misfortune hidden behind the “snake loincloth” in order to detect the possibility early The hidden danger of cancer.

Psoriasis is not a “second cancer”
Ms. Zou has been associated with “psoriasis” for more than three years. She has gradually mastered some rules. For example, the symptoms of summer are significantly reduced, and even feel that he is about to heal, but after the beginning of autumn, the itch reappears, the itching becomes worse, and it peaks in winter. There was a sense of fear. She is very distressed. The seasonality of psoriasis is too strong, and it is stubborn and difficult to treat.

Psoriasis, commonly known as psoriasis, is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by the appearance of papules and erythema of varying sizes on the skin, covered with silvery white scales, with clear borders, and it usually occurs on the scalp, extensible limbs and coccyxacral region There are more young and middle-aged patients.

Why does psoriasis show a pattern of “light in summer and heavy in autumn”? There are at least two factors: one is the high probability of virus infection in autumn and winter, and the respiratory tract bears the brunt. It often becomes a habitat for many pathogenic microorganisms, which can aggravate the skin damage of psoriasis while inducing respiratory diseases such as colds; the other is ultraviolet rays in autumn and winter. Ultraviolet rays can not only sterilize and disinfect, regulate immune function, but also inhibit abnormal cell metabolism in the epidermis of psoriasis and restore the cell renewal cycle, so the summer is the mildest.

It is not difficult to understand that autumn is the transitional period of psoriasis from decline to prosperity. If prevention and treatment can be done, it can prevent the disease from getting worse in winter.

Prevention:

* Keep warm to prevent colds. There is a big temperature difference between morning and evening in autumn, which is a season for upper respiratory tract infections, and upper respiratory tract infections are also an important predisposing factor of psoriasis, so we must strengthen prevention.

*Build confidence and adhere to regular treatment. The vast majority of psoriasis belongs to psoriasis vulgaris. Although it is stubborn, as long as the regular combination of Chinese and Western treatment is adhered to, the progress can be controlled and the remission can be promoted. Generally speaking, it usually takes 3 to 6 months from the progressive stage of psoriasis to the stable stage, and then to the remission stage. The treatment of Chinese and Western medicine must be adhered to, not halfway, let alone the “second cancer” and resignation. .

*Adjust life, such as eating low-salt (the daily salt intake is limited to less than 6 grams) meals, limiting alcohol, and avoiding irritating foods such as crab, ginger, and pepper. Drink plenty of water and eat more fresh fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins.

*The room should be clean, ventilated, and not too humid.

*Sleep well, do 30-45 minutes of soothing exercises every day, such as walking, cycling, gymnastics, etc., to enhance immunity.

*Adjust your mentality and resolve bad emotions such as anxiety, tension, anger, etc. in time.

*Use medication with caution and avoid using drugs that may aggravate psoriasis, such as antimalarials such as quinine and beta-blockers such as betalock and atenolol.

Pruritus is not a fuel-efficient lamp
Ms. Wu has always been in good health and rarely goes to the hospital, but recently she suffered from itching.

Skin pruritus is divided into generalized pruritus and localized pruritus. The former is paroxysmal, which is heavy at night, can not sleep for a long time, and is accompanied by dizziness, depression, poor appetite and other neurasthenia symptoms; the latter is limited to the body A certain part. The reason is that when the weather turns cold, the secretion of sebaceous glands begins to decrease, and the skin is prone to dryness, and some external stimuli, such as washing powder and autumn clothing at the bottom of the box, can cause itching.

Prevention:

* Avoid eating “fat” such as fish, shrimp, wine, and pepper.

*Avoid items that contain chemical ingredients, such as washing powder.

*Autumn clothing will be stored for a summer and will contain allergens such as mites and some germs, so it must be washed and dried before wearing.

* To moisturize the skin, drink about 1500 ml of water every day. After bathing, use moisturizing moisturizer.

*Don’t take a bath too often, and the water temperature should not be too hot. Use moisturizing shower gel or boric acid bath soap instead of high-alkali shower gel and soap to minimize skin irritation.

*Learn to regulate and control emotions, relieve stress in time, consult a psychiatrist and receive psychotherapy if necessary, and maintain a good attitude.

*Under the guidance of a doctor, apply anti-itch ointment or oral anti-allergic drugs to avoid scratching the itchy area.