The most interesting thing in the trial was the defense

In Warsaw, a cigarette worker lived with his wife and his lovely 16-year-old daughter Pauline. Due to unfortunate circumstances he was forced to borrow from Mr. Israel Loput the sum of 150 rubles. As a result, he came completely into the hands of this man and moved with him to London, while wife and daughter stayed behind in Warsaw. After a short while, the father asked his family to follow him to London, p. Loput would bring them the travel money. Of course, Loput did not go to London with the women, but via Genoa to Brazil. In Rio de Janeiro Loput caused the woman to go ashore while the ship continued to Buenos Aires. There Loput sold the daughter for 4000 Mk. To a public house.

In the same year the Jewish girl merchant Hermann Bahr from Galicia was arrested in Pest when he was leaving for Constantinople with a transport of 25 girls. Bahr, who , exported annually several hundred girls to Constantinople, where they were publicly auctioned in Galata for 400 to 1500 Mk., Depending on their beauty. The girls were initially hired as cashiers or chambermaids with a large salary and kept as unknown as possible about their fate. When they discovered the truth, retreat was impossible. Bahr had numerous male and female agents and a fully furnished bureau. His company is: Bahr, exporter for the Orient.

In the house of a wealthy merchant in Szatmar (Hungary), a respectable-looking elderly gentleman introduced himself, called himself Oskar Klein and acted on a patron of the arts. He soon discovered that one of the merchant’s daughters, a beautiful girl, a born opera singer, was a rising star in the theater. He wanted to pave the way for glory to future greatness and, thanks to his influential connections, to establish a commitment in Munich. So her luck was as good as done. The parents were overjoyed. The father handed the daughter over to his father’s friend and also gave him 2000 guilders to train him. Herr Klein went to Constantinople with the girl and five other art novices to found a German theater there, but in reality, to sell the girls. At the last moment, the girls managed to escape.

In Lviv, a certain Harry H. allegedly appeared to visit his parents living there and legitimized himself as an agent of a gold mining company. The elegant young man learned the daughter Klara of an official of the Israelite religious community know and applied for a short acquaintance for their hand. The parents gave their consent, and after the wedding, the young couple went on a honeymoon, as Harry H. stated, to Vienna. In reality, the young couple traveled to Buenos Aires, from where the husband sent a letter to his parents-in-law shortly thereafter, in which he justified the change of the itinerary by various excuses. The letter contained only a few lines from his wife. As it turned out later, the young husband had sold his wife to a public house immediately upon arrival.

In the Prater in Vienna, the cook Marie H. met the agent Chaim Apter, who brought her into the company of his brothers Scholem and David Apter that same evening. The brothers told the girl to give her a job as a cook in America. She will receive $ 60 monthly salary, free travel and many gifts. Marie H. agreed to accept the position, and met Scholem Apter and another girl one morning to begin the journey to America. Apter instructed the girls how to behave on the way. They should not talk to anyone, leave the car in any station, and above all pretend they never saw him, their leader. By a lucky coincidence, these girls were freed.

Two girl traders were arrested in Paris to recruit French dancers for the British garrisons in South Africa. It was found that 25 singers from Hungary were brought to Corfu, from where they went via Alexandria to were transported to South Africa. Right there Sicilian and Neapolitan dancers were abducted.

In Łódź a whole gang of girl traders was drafted. Under the pretense of getting them a rich groom in Buenos Aires, the agents, whose headquarters were Bendzin, persuaded young girls to emigrate to Argentina. The soul of these dealers and agents was a certain Moszek. At his home in Bendzin the girls were invited for sumptuous meals, drunk, and then brought to Sosnowice. There they received their wrong passport and then drove via Katowice, Vienna to Genoa, where the transports were put together. Such transports went down four to five every year.

One of the most famous and dangerous girl traders, who had been wanted for about fifteen years, but who always managed to escape arrest with fake papers, Israel Meyrowicz was arrested in Katowice and sentenced to three years in prison and five years of loss of honor. He drove the girls’ trade by entering marriages with the girls and then pushing them off abroad. These pseudo-marriages are still one of the most common means of kidnapping the girls abroad, as already mentioned. These marriages are all the easier to achieve because the parents themselves advise their daughters to conclude their marriages. The agents go to the poorest areas of Galicia and promise the girls the brightest future, and also submit targeted deals, which of course are also fake. like to give their consent. The young couple travel happily to a harbor, where the man, after he has brought the woman on board, disappears under a vain pretext. He then sends a despatch to the nearest port to come with the next ship. The young woman now travels without concern to her new home, where she is immediately taken to a brothel.

Every year, we can cite numerous examples of this type of girl trafficking.

A great organization of girls dealers was discovered in France a few years ago. At the head of the gang living in Bois de Colombes near Paris was the brewery owner Rigal, one of the most respected citizens in his community. He was at the head of all charitable associations and owned several hotels. His partner, Dumortier, kept a large racing stable, performing in the best of company, with the sole purpose of seducing the abducted girls. This gang delivered to London, New York, Venezuela and the Transvaal and has brought shame on hundreds of girls.

Unbelievable conditions must have prevailed in Manchuria. A police Urjadnik in Chailar has expelled the owner of a brothel from the house and then took over the management of the business itself. He used his official position to bring young girls he liked into his house or, if they refused to do so, simply expelled them. In this way he was able to offer his clients always new and fresh goods.

The Hungarian girl trader Breier (sometimes called Dr. Oppermann) had managed to introduce herself to a respected Berlin family and to get engaged with the daughter of the house. Although the young lady was officially informed that Breier was a notorious girl merchant and had long been married, the daughter went with him to Budapest. From there Breier also wrote to the younger sister and invited her to the wedding. Fortunately, the young girl did not follow this invitation. She would probably have met the same fate as her sister. From this, the parents received only a postcard with the sad words: “Greetings your deep-witted Jenni.” She was later determined in Vienna, but refused to return to her parents.

Similar to these individuals, a large number of impresaries also drive girls trading. The Singing theater entrepreneur Preußer forced the members of his troupe, after the performances to attend Soupers in Cabinets séparés. Four of his singers, once they had resolved their involvement relationship, filed a lawsuit for coupling with Preußer, in which they burdened him extremely heavily. Preußer, however, brought the girls of his present troop as responders, all summoned in the most frivolous way, that nothing wrong had happened. A condemnation of the Preußer thereby became illusory. The case clearly demonstrates the demonic violence that these entrepreneurs exert on their employees, and how difficult it is for the courts to convict the traders, even if they have gained evidence of their activities. All these people see a perjury as a crime only if they are caught.

In Hamburg, the girl trader Veith was arrested, who was not unknown in Berlin. He , an artist troupe “The Seven Dragonflies” was assembled, with whom he moved through Russia, Austria, Holland, Italy and Germany and stopped his artists to fornication. Girls who did not prove themselves as artists were readily sold to public houses in Buenos Aires. He was arrested by accident. One of the girls, which was to be negotiated, had escaped and had been hired as a waitress in Hamburg. This saw the p. Veith with a girl on the street and got his arrest. The girl with whom he wanted to start the journey, he had bought from his own mother for 1000 Mk.

In Berlin, a certain Meder from Bavaria appeared, posing as the leader of a Tyrolean society. He already had five members and took in Berlin a 16-year-old girl F. Sch. as the youngest member of his troupe. The company traveled via Warsaw to Tbilisi, where he produced with his troupe and sought to sack the individual girls to rich Russians. The German guests of the restaurant organized a collection to snatch the girls from the hands of their impresario. They also managed to bring together the necessary funds and liberate the girls.

Notorious is the girl and at the same time diamond dealer Malitzki, who two years ago succeeded in punishing him twice for the same action. He had delivered a girl to a public house in Johannesburg and exploited it to report to the British authorities. Malitzki was sentenced to two years of hard labor for delivering a girl to a brothel. When he returned to get “fresh goods,” he was arrested and punished with 1½ years in prison because he had kidnapped a German girl for fornication abroad (§ 48 of the emigration law).

In a similar situation was the housekeeper Margarethe Delfs from Hamburg, who was convicted in New York because she had negotiated three girls there for prostitution. Returning to Germany, she was convicted a second time for attempting to deport her to a fourth girl before leaving. This girl had refused to ride at the time but had filed a complaint against the Delfs.

In Metz were three girls dealers, two siblings Hahnen and Sebastian Zannoni, which exported to Argentina, to 3 resp. Sentenced to 1½ years in prison. Their confiscated correspondence was able to track down a widespread association of girls’ traders. Also in the two recently arrested in Berlin Silberreich and Wallerstein numerous letters from Paris and Buenos Aires are found, which made it possible here again to pursue international connections.

This case was as follows: Two Russian girl dealers, Silberreich and Wallerstein, had come to Berlin in 1910 to buy young and fresh goods for Buenos Aires. Of course, they had to make their preparations for this long before. An insignificant hotel in a bad neighborhood was the dwelling-quarters of merchants coming from the East. There they regularly gave their rendezvous. The owner of the hotel was well-informed about the business and had a Russian Cook, whose permanent presence in Berlin was made possible only by a violation of the law. This cook had no longer foreign fun, but only a passport for a trip to Germany. As a result, this only had a validity of three months. The cook had to be logged off after three months. This also happened, but she did not leave, but was allowed to register again after six months. In this way she was able to take her permanent residence in Berlin without permission and make connections with all sorts of women. Since the traders always pay cash, there were also enough matchmakers who provided them with the necessary material. But this always had to be done very carefully. More than two girls did not personally travel with a merchant. The negotiations gave the impression that this business had been thriving for years. Only it seems that the former supplier did not exist anymore. Whether she died or warped, or whether she has fallen out with the dealers, was not determined by the trial. At any rate, the Russian woman had now turned to a Mrs. M., who had hitherto had nothing to do with the trafficking of girls. She agreed to ask the requested girls, but she did not even think about supporting the girls’ trade. Instead, she asked her husband for advice on how to behave in the present case. The man sent her to the Central Police Station to get the matter underway. This allowed the trade to be completed exactly in the way we have repeatedly described. First, two police agents were made available to travel to Buenos Aires. The traders had made no secret that they wanted to take the girls to a public house, but had forbidden the girls to be educated about their journey. They should rather believe that they would be hired as housekeepers for a decent house. This false impression is absolutely necessary, since no decent girl would take up a position in a brothel.

The two police agents were rejected as too old and too little pretty. As a result, Ms. M. had a young woman of some 20 years and her strikingly pretty 16-year-old niece involved in the game. These two found favor in the eyes of the traders. They agreed to leave for Paris with them the very next day. Until the departure they should now remain under the care of Mrs. M. The prices offered were disproportionately low, namely 100 Mk for the young girl and 50 Mk for the young woman. Although significant expenses were still necessary for the journey, it is clear from this that the profit of the girls’ merchants amounts to at least 1,000 marks for each business. Here is just the explanation for the fact that despite the high penalties, despite the severe persecution and the risk of business, a decline in trade has not yet been noticed. But there are also two other aspects. On the one hand, the work necessary for the trafficking of girls is a pleasant and interesting one. The traders get to know the world and can lie comfortably on the ship and chatter the day. In addition, the traders seem in principle to claim the “jus primae noctis” for themselves. At least in the present case they had demanded that In addition, the traders seem in principle to claim the “jus primae noctis” for themselves. At least in the present case they had demanded that In addition, the traders seem in principle to claim the “jus primae noctis” for themselves. At least in the present case they had demanded that they wanted to spend the night in the same apartment as the girls. However, this was rejected by the woman M. smooth. But she came to the hotel with the girls, where the two merchants lived to receive the agreed money. This was first given to the hotel owner, and this was allowed to pay the sum only if the girls had left Berlin unnoticed. From this it is already clear that the hotel owner was involved in the trade. But the matter became even clearer when her fourteen-year-old son had to go to the train station to see if the departure had happend. Nevertheless, these indications were not sufficient, then the hotel owners, so the true instigators of the whole trade, to draw punishment. He and his wife were acquitted. The two traders, however, went so well into the trap they had been asked that their punishment could be carried out despite their brilliant defense. Of course, only one of the two dealers should go to Paris with the girls. The other one remained in Berlin to come after eight or fourteen days with two other girls. The girls came to the station at the appointed time and received the tickets to Paris there. Carefully, Wallerstein had outwardly made himself unrecognizable by a worn suit. He changed at the station and arrived to check out in an elegant modern costume. He had escaped the fact that officers of the police were on the platform and thus managed to arrest him at the moment of departure. His partner Silberreich was his lover, whose deportation was also decided thing, drove and could be received here. A denial of the Guilt was impossible, so both were sentenced to prison terms: Silberreich, as the seducer, at 2½ years, while Wallerstein received only 2 years. The negotiations were interesting and instructive in different directions. Both dealers understood their claim no German. It had therefore initially to be negotiated with interpreters. This prolonged the trial and also gave rise to misunderstandings and evasions. When the witness, Mrs. M., explained that both people spoke German fluently, that they had been doing all the negotiations with her in German, they gave up this game. In determining the personal details, both did not know where and when they were born. They knew exactly how old they were, but they had no papers about their birth. This is a trick to prevent all inquiries and thereby make it impossible to get to know their personal connections. As a result, our diligent and diligently corrected lists lose a large part of their value. For if the dealer can take a different name at every opportunity, it is impossible to establish his personal details. On the other hand, it explains how these people can continually enter into new marriages. The false rabbis who perform the marriages know the deception; but the authorities and inhabitants are thereby deceived. In the suitcase of the two Russians women’s clothes and linen were found, which they had bought here because of their cheapness. Naturally, they denied that these things were meant for the girls. international girl merchant gang in Paris. The letters with their relatives were written in Hebrew letters in the familiar “Yiddish-slippery” jargon. Oddly enough, in every third line came the name of the beloved God, who was to bless the money spent on commerce and receive rich interest.

The most interesting thing in the trial was the defense. Since the traders always have significant resources, they are able to take excellent defenders. These requested for legal reasons, the acquittal of the defendants. The wording of Section 48 of the Emigration Law of 9 June 1897 threatens anyone with severe punishment, “by misguiding a woman’s person for the purpose of bringing her into commercial fornication by fraudulent concealment of that purpose”. However, the traders could not induce the two witnesses to emigrate because they were oriented on the whole matter and therefore did not even think about emigrating. It was an attempt on the unfit object that does not fall under § 48 at all. Fortunately, the judges did not allow themselves to be influenced by this parade, but came to a conviction. The reasoning of the judgment states that:

Contrary to the defense’s view, the court is of the opinion that fraudulent concealment, as required by the emigration law, is present if the purpose of the transfer to a brothel is concealed by the perpetrator; he must act with the conscious intention of deceiving those who mislead. Whether she is really deceived, and whether she can be deceived, does not matter. In the present case, according to the case law of the Reich no doubt an attempt, even if only an unfit object was present. The fact that the first two defendants are traffickers can, according to their own statements, be beyond doubt. They wanted to kidnap girls abroad to sell them to a brothel there. It is clear that p. Wallerstein turned to Mrs. M. through the help and mediation of the Gedainska, so that this feeds her girl. She is expressly told to keep silent about the purpose. As far as the sentence is concerned, the Tribunal was of the opinion that the first two Defendants Silberreich and Wallerstein could claim no ground for mitigation. It’s about the meanest thing there is to sell innocent girls. Nor can it, as the defense has assumed, to be considered as mitigating that they grew up in bad conditions and saw nothing better in front of them. The defendants have not lived in their homeland for a long time. They even seem to be doing quite well, as they have ample funds. For Wallerstein, the punishment was a little lower, because he is still young and seemingly seduced by Silberreich.

The Gedainska was convicted of aiding and abetting under the Criminal Code. She wanted to gain pecuniary advantages by courting the two defendants, without realizing the severity of the crime she became a stooge.

The defense lawyers have appealed against this ruling, relying on the reason for the “unfit object”. Subsequently, the revision is withdrawn, and the two girls Traders have started their punishment. It also emerged from the negotiations that the girls who want to go abroad almost never turn to their parents because they would not receive permission to emigrate from them. They have to lie and are stopped by the girls’ merchants. These give them false passports and personal papers that are written Russian or Hungarian and are therefore not understood by the German officials. Despite all efforts, not enough has been done, as the girls’ merchants still manage to smuggle the girls across the border. If a particularly stringent revision is to be feared somewhere, the dealers go ahead to London or Antwerp and meet there with their companions.

In any case, this case proves everything that has already been established by the German National Committee in the first years of the movement. It would be very favorable if other countries succeeded in seizing the traders in a similar way as happened in Berlin. Incidentally, the witness Mrs. M is compensated for the profit she has lost by granting the German National Committee a reward of 100 Mk for her practical and honorable intervention.