According to the cause, hepatitis can be divided into viral hepatitis, bacterial hepatitis, drug-induced hepatitis, alcoholic hepatitis, toxic hepatitis, autoimmune hepatitis, steatohepatitis and so on. According to the length of the disease, hepatitis can be divided into acute hepatitis and chronic hepatitis. Acute hepatitis causes a sudden onset of inflammation and produces severe symptoms. Acute viral hepatitis usually resolves on its own.
Symptoms of hepatitis
Common symptoms of hepatitis include loss of appetite, abdominal distension, oiliness, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue. Patients are prone to fever, hepatomegaly, faint pain in the liver area, and yellow staining of the sclera or skin. Some patients will also develop spider moles and liver palms. In severe cases, patients will also have ascites, oliguria, bleeding tendency, and even Impaired consciousness and coma.
Precautions for patients with hepatitis
Hepatitis is a contagious disease with great harm, and patients are prone to great psychological pressure. Therefore, family members should pay attention to the patient’s emotional changes. When the patient develops fear, tension, or anxiety, the family should promptly enlighten and unblock them, communicate more with the patient, and avoid the patient’s negative thoughts.
The maintenance of hepatitis patients is very important. Family members should always pay attention to changes in the patient’s condition. When the patient has diarrhea or abdominal pain, they should be sent to the doctor for treatment in time to avoid complications. Patients should not take medication based on their subjective thoughts, and take the doctor’s advice as the basis for taking medication.
Patients with hepatitis have poor resistance and are prone to catch colds and gastroenteritis. At this time, patients cannot take medicines by themselves, and should be treated according to doctors’ recommendations and guidance. At the same time, it should be noted that patients with hepatitis can not change drugs casually to avoid drug resistance, which is not conducive to the treatment of hepatitis.
Patients with hepatitis should pay special attention to dietary conditioning and supplement foods with low fat content, high vitamin content, and high calorie content. Adequate protein is conducive to the recovery of the patient’s liver and promotes the regeneration of damaged cells. Vitamin intake can promote the patient’s metabolism and relieve liver pressure. At the same time, patients with hepatitis should eat more fresh fruits and vegetables to ensure a balanced nutrition. Special attention should be paid to the fact that patients with hepatitis should not eat too much fat, as too much fat will increase the burden on the liver, which is not conducive to recovery. In addition, patients should pay attention to eating small and frequent meals, eating regularly and sparingly, not overeating, quit smoking and drinking, and not eating spicy food.
Patients with hepatitis should exercise properly, such as walking, jogging, health exercises, Tai Chi, etc. The patient should adjust the amount of exercise according to the condition, not engage in strenuous exercise, and pay attention to rest after exercise.
All chronic hepatitis is found in blood tests. Patients with chronic hepatitis are usually treated with interferon, but the use of interferon can cause general fatigue or fever. Patients should pay attention to their own emotions and avoid emotional instability caused by psychological pressure, which is not conducive to the treatment of the disease. Hepatitis B and A can be prevented, and effective vaccine injection can achieve long-term prevention of hepatitis B and A.
Hepatitis is contagious, and family members should take precautions. Daily necessities and food should be separated to avoid cross-infection among family members.
Hepatitis and liver cancer
Relevant epidemiological data show that chronic hepatitis, especially hepatitis B endemic areas, is a frequent area of liver cancer, and the prevalence of liver cancer in hepatitis B patients is higher than that of normal people. Hepatitis viruses that cause liver cancer, hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus are the most common.
Long-term unclean diet, such as eating moldy or degraded food or food containing nitrite, is one of the important factors that induce liver cancer. Moldy food contains aflatoxin, which is a major factor in inducing liver cancer. A small amount of nitrite in daily food will not cause harm to the human body, but if a large amount of nitrite is consumed for a long time and cannot be excreted in time, it will be converted into nitrite amines in the human body and cause cancer.
Patients with alcoholic hepatitis also have a high incidence of liver cancer. Alcohol abuse will accelerate the progression of liver cirrhosis and lead to liver cancer.