So while I shut off regulation as a source of trafficking in girls, I consider quartering as its main cause, the same quartering that has so completely failed at home in our country and elsewhere in its aims, the protection of decent girls and even children from seduction. We have seen through the revelations of the Pall-mall Gazette in the last decades of the last century, how young girls were brought in to the Lebanese by sophisticated female couplers, which means were used to make them docile of the sums paid for children. how the doctors issued false testimonies and the police assisted the matchmakers. We’ve been through a Sternberg process with us and know from various other processes how many vice caves exist in Berlin, in which half children are fed to fornication; but all this was incapable of provoking an international maid’s trade, but enriched at most a few old female couplers. For the emergence of an international trade with sex slaves had to for the reasons, as the abnormal sexual sensation of individual rich voluptuous.
When you wanted to do away with black slave labor 50 years ago, you did not hesitate to wage a four-year bloody war for reasons of humanity. Yet the fate of these black slaves was not nearly as sad as the life of shame that the girls in the brothels must lead. But even now that we are convinced that the great extent of the maiden trade has come about only through the incredible number of brothels tolerated in the various countries, we can not decide to demand their removal, but the authorities are advocating these houses because they know no better solution to the problem of prostitution.
In order not to misunderstand, I would like to emphasize that I only understand the cohabitation of girls in a house under the supervision of a brothel host or landlady. The squeezing of girls into individual streets, as prescribed by the Senate in Hamburg, Bremen and Lübeck, is in my opinion the most unfortunate solution to the problem of prostitution. But since she has nothing to do with the girls’ trade, I do not need to respond to these evils.
As I mentioned above, the houses are so different among themselves that an exhaustive account of their facilities can not be given. This is not necessary. It is sufficient if only the relationships between the brothel and the girls’ trade are clarified. A number of countries have banned brothels. Nevertheless, they still there because they do not want to see them, and because they have found subtle explanations that turn the brothel into a prostitution house. The difference is that in one of them there is an intermediate person who hires the girls and with whom they have to settle accounts while in the other the girls are only tenants and have nothing to do with anyone except the owner of the house. The presence of a wine room, in which all alcoholic liquids are available without the owner having a bar license, is only incidental. Apparently, therefore, the law is sufficient, since the homeowner does not care about the activities and activities of the girls, and nobody lives in the house, which intervenes against these circumstances. In fact, however, such a house violates the provisions of Section 180 of the Criminal Code, as does a normal brothel. The wording of this paragraph is as follows:
“Anyone who habitually or for self-interest by his mediation or by granting the opportunity of fornication, is punished for coupling with prison not less than a month, etc.” That even the owner of a prostitution house is hit by this provision is undoubtedly.
A lawsuit against him would have to be followed by the prosecutor, and if such a lawsuit were simultaneously filed in all German cities in which such houses are, a large scandal would result. It would become clear that the state does not obey its own laws, and that Germany is a totally illegal country in this respect. Of course, the German National Committee is called upon to do such To file complaints, and even interpreted as a weakness that this request has not met. In reality, however, such a lawsuit is rejected by the public prosecutor in Hamburg and confirmed on appeal, the negative decision by the Prosecutor in Hamburg as rightly. There was no other instance at that time. About 30 years ago, the senate of Hamburg held a poll with 15 law faculties to find out whether holding brothels contradicted Section 180 of the Criminal Code or not. Thereupon, eight affirmative and seven negative answers have arrived. The senate has naturally placed itself on the negative viewpoint. He denies even today, even in the Reichstag, that the Hamburg prostitution houses are really brothels. Especially the local example has been contagious to many other cities. But there is another aspect to this. These are the currently existing legal provisions on the housing of prostitutes. For the time being, every host who takes in prostitutes must, as already said, be charged as a coupler. This is impossible in the long run. It is thereby not improved. For if the prostitutes are expelled from a brothel, and the same girls take a flat together, in which they may be accompanied by their pimps, the conditions have become worse than they were before. The National Committee could rightly be accused of having evicted the devil by Beelzebub. Before the housing question is not solved in practice, even energetic intervention is not possible. Also, it is of importance, public opinion only of convincing the brothels, and this will be a lot of trouble.
I will later contrast the apparent advantages of these homes to their real drawbacks.
First, I would like to continue only in the proof that these houses are indeed the source of the girls’ trade. The number of girls present in the brothels is very different, varying between three and thirty harlots. For more than a year, the girls rarely stay in one house. The clientele demands a constant change. As long as this remains between these houses of a country, so to speak only an exchange takes place, one can speak however only of a national trade. This offers but for the other innocent girls no danger. But now there are a number of houses that pride themselves on always having “fresh goods,” and precisely because they have that reputation and are able to claim unusually high prices from their visitors.
However, this procurement of young and beautiful, possibly innocent girls is not easy. It requires great skill and many connections. This created the rings of which I spoke above, which now work according to a common plan and apply various tricks depending on the country from which the girls come or the city to which they are to be taken. These traders need to be continuously oriented where girls are missing and where they can be sourced. Although it is not possible to draw up a list of all brothels, there is an address book in which about 1100 brothels and 150 nightclubs are listed, which are connected with the girls’ traders. The title of this Buches, which is reissued every two years, reads: “Agence de Publicité, Annonces et Réclames Commerciales. Ancien Cabinet Murier, rue des Martyrs 6 Paris, E. Deyber, directeur. “Through this book traders are always in a position to bring their goods to the man or, more correctly, to the men. These houses are benevolently termed “maisons or salons de société”, however, adding “dites maisons de tolérance” and “maisons de rendez-vous”. Of course, the largest room in this book is Paris. Apart from Paris, there are still 307 other French cities in which there are official brothels. Among the foreign countries is also Germany, but only with one city, namely Metz with seven brothels. The other countries indicated are Argentina, Belgium, Spain, Netherlands and Switzerland. Here is an error in the last regard. In the Netherlands public houses are not supposed to exist at present, and in Switzerland only Geneva owns such houses. In all other cities they are eliminated. This is all the more worthy of recognition, as the regulation of prostitution is exclusively a matter for the local authorities. It is striking that Russia, Hungary, Galicia, Serbia, Romania, Italy, Turkey, Portugal are not mentioned. There are brothels in all these countries, but they do not seem to need replacement from France because they can cover their own needs for “fresh goods”. and in Switzerland only Geneva owns such houses. In all other cities they are eliminated. This is all the more worthy of recognition, as the regulation of prostitution is exclusively a matter for the local authorities. It is striking that Russia, Hungary, Galicia, Serbia, Romania, Italy, Turkey, Portugal are not mentioned. There are brothels in all these countries, but they do not seem to need replacement from France because they can cover their own needs for “fresh goods”. and in Switzerland only Geneva owns such houses. In all other cities they are eliminated. This is all the more worthy of recognition, as the regulation of prostitution is exclusively a matter for the local authorities. It is striking that Russia, Hungary, Galicia, Serbia, Romania, Italy, Turkey, Portugal are not mentioned. There are brothels in all these countries, but they do not seem to need replacement from France because they can cover their own needs for “fresh goods”.
Information about brothels
In the winter of 1901-02 the West German morality association with the German National Committee and In addition to other associations of morality, police inspector Balkestein in Haarlem was commissioned to visit the brothels in Holland and to initiate a thorough investigation into the trade with German girls and women in Holland. Even then he stated that only in exceptional cases German girls were brought directly from Germany to the recognized brothels. They usually made a detour via the waitress service and cafes chantants. He also stated, however, that the reciprocal agreements reached between Holland and Germany on November 15, 1889, regarding the trafficking in girls, had not met the expectations of the respective governments.
The two most important questions: 1. Who induced the woman to leave home? and 2. Who enlisted them for the brothel? were not asked at all. It was limited to adopting the following provisions:
Every female individual of German nationality must be interrogated as soon as she proves to be a lewd life in Holland.
Before any interrogation it must be established that the person has surrendered to prostitution, and even then it must be done with tact and circumspection.
As a result, most of the girls who were in secret brothels were not interrogated. Nevertheless, the report of Balkestein showed that there was a lively trade from Germany to Holland, and that the stay in the waitresses’ houses was enough to make the girls ripe for their passage into the brothels. The permission for the opening of these houses was exclusively in the hands of the municipal authorities. These have in all Dutch cities in recent years, the approval for the construction of new houses failed, the concession of the old withdrawn and exacerbated the monitoring of the secret houses, so that the immigration of German girls to Holland has become smaller.
Such information trips are always associated with great costs and can therefore always be made only in exceptional cases. I have traveled to the ports of the Mediterranean, Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina and on all these journeys I have been able to discover that the greatest demand always comes from the port cities, because there not only the crew of the ships, but also the many Travelers are fed as new clients. The taste of this is very different. At first it had to be assumed that nationality and race were of considerable influence, and that the sailors preferred to associate with the girls of their own country. However, this is not true, you can often even notice the opposite, that the men abroad also accept exotic inclinations and possibly visit colored girls. In order to regulate supply and demand in this respect, without calling attention to the officials at the same time, the traders in their despatches had invented innocent terms, which denote both the value of the commodity and its origin. “5 Keg Ungarwein”, “3 Bales of French silk “,” 4 sacks of Polish potatoes “used to be the usual names for girls, their nationality and their price. Now that the officials are forced to strict control, such tricks have no value. Also, the conditions are not so easy that you can get through them In their despatches the traders had invented innocent terms that denote the value of the goods as well as their origin. “5 kegs of Hungarian wine”, “3 bales of French silk”, “4 sacks of Polish potatoes” used to be the common names for girls. their nationality and their price. Now that the officials are forced to strict control, such tricks have no value. Also, the conditions are not so easy that you can get through them In their despatches the traders had invented innocent terms that denote the value of the goods as well as their origin. “5 kegs of Hungarian wine”, “3 bales of French silk”, “4 sacks of Polish potatoes” used to be the common names for girls. their nationality and their price. Now that the officials are forced to strict control, such tricks have no value. Also, the conditions are not so easy that you can get through them Such tricks have no value. Also, the conditions are not so easy that you can get through them Such tricks have no value. Also, the conditions are not so easy that you can get through them can do telegrams. The necessary correspondence takes place in a “German-Yiddish” jargon, the decipherment of which always makes trouble. Also, the traders are so careful to substitute numbers or nicknames in place of the names, so that their accomplices are not easily found.
The most important sales areas are New York, Baltimore, Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, Johannesburg, Colombo, Alexandria, Cairo and Constantinople. Countless traders have been caught and punished in all these cities, yet trade has not yet declined significantly because most of the punishments were too small. One should set a two-year prison as a minimum sentence and put the referral to a workhouse as a rule. The merit of the people is too great for them to be deterred by minor punishments.
What sums this is, you can see from the following, guaranteed case.
In Chicago, a notorious French girl trader, Dufour and his wife, were arrested. They found about 20 young girls who had brought together the agents from various parts of Europe and America. The Dufours utility cave was both an acceptance point and an export point for the wider area of Chicago. The couple was released on bail of 26,500 dollars (106,000 Mk.). They abandoned this sum and fled to Paris.
Their books showed that in 1907 they had earned 102720 dollars (410880 Mk), and in the first five months of 1908 41000 dollars (164000 Mk.). Such sums provide evidence of how quickly the girls’ traders can acquire a fortune.
A frightening insight into the goings-on of the girls’ merchants, the brothel owners and their connection with the police was brought by the negotiations in Vienna against the clothing salon Riehl. The conditions there made an extraordinary impression and contributed significantly to the expansion of the fight against the brothels. The connections of Madame Riehl with various police officers proved that the girls were not only not protected by the officers, but directly endangered.
Interesting and significant is what a Viennese newspaper wrote about this case: at the dock in front of a Viennese cognition court a mischievous, shameful mega-woman, Mrs. Riehl, homeowner and brothel-keeper licensed by the High Lieutenancy, and a wizened, greasy, sleazy helper in this pleasure house Finally, a man of honor who has paid a monthly salary for lending his daughter to this woman, Riehl, who ran a well-known public house, almost encouraged by the police, then a pair of prostitutes, poor, unattractive creatures, accused of the wrong Testimony in the preliminary investigation because, frightened for fear of beatings, they had not dared to uphold the statements made against the Madame at first. And physically invisible,needed to remember the most wretched colonial abuses. What from time to time of South American or the God knows where located brothels in rape of poor girls, bestialities against stray women was reported and was heard as uncontrollable, perhaps zelotically distorted message, arises in this process here as a daily occurrence of a public house in one Vienna’s busy street, as a practice practiced for decades, which could put an end to any written, no verbal display of an uninvolved or even a party until a journalist forced the police to intervene through a fierce and recurrent newspaper campaign. Because not the existence of a brothel, It is not some greasy or vulgar acts of a sexual or perverted nature that occupy the public and court – exploiting prostitutes, organizing “orgies,” selling off love – has been allowed to good wife Riehl for a year and a day through a concession. Like any entrepreneur, she gives her income to the tax commission and pays tax for an acquisition of 35,000 crowns. Yes, she lives in the best of terms with the authorities, who have even issued certificates for the sound conduct of her house, which was read out in the proceedings and is a moral-historical curiosity. like any entrepreneur their income to the tax commission and pays for an acquisition of 35,000 crowns tax. Yes, she lives in the best of terms with the authorities, who have even issued certificates for the sound conduct of her house, which was read out in the proceedings and is a moral-historical curiosity. like any entrepreneur their income to the tax commission and pays for an acquisition of 35,000 crowns tax. Yes, she lives in the best of terms with the authorities, who have even issued certificates for the sound conduct of her house, which was read out in the proceedings and is a moral-historical curiosity.
The conditions in Riehl’s house have been so typical that we can not refrain from adding another authentic report on this:
“The business was significant, for the Riehl held up to 20 prostitutes and had rented a whole house for their purpose, for which she had to pay an annual interest of 10000 Kr. The premises were, as far as they served the brothel traffic, furnished with great comfort. In stark contrast, the ill-fated conditions in the dormitories of the prostitutes, who were crammed together in a few narrow, poorly equipped rooms, had to sleep in a bed for two.
The recruitment of young girls for their home employed a large number of people of all kinds. Old women and young boys approached vaguaries on the street or in the park, some of whom had made the misery or carelessness of practicing secret prostitution, and offered to give them a good job. Service bureaus sent their young girls to their homes, and even in the hospitals, a patient was recommended by her partner to house Riehl. The focus of these agents was primarily on girls who had barely outgrown their childhood. The youngest of them all was according to the surveys of Ottilie Geresch, who counted 14 years 3 months on her entry. To make her appear even younger, her hair was forcibly cut off. The Riehl and a girl held her as she resisted. A girl was accepted as a chambermaid, so she should learn German at the Riehl. When the mother came to visit, the daughter quickly had to dress as a maid and so must appear. In order to lure the girls more easily into their nets, they had attached outside the house a large board with the inscription “Dress Salon Riehl”.
To the newcomers, the proceedings of the accused were different according to the degree of their depravity. For some, she made no secret of the business they had to pursue in her house. Others, for the time being, took them as servants, contrary to police regulations that expressly forbid the keeping of young servants in a tolerated home … There are three cases in which Riehl’s parents received regular payments from their children’s shameful wages. ,
The life of the prostitutes in this house was as follows: In the early morning, after the visitors had left the house, the girls were led into the previously described dormitories, which they called the barracks. The doors were blocked behind them from the outside, the windows of these rooms were provided with frosted glass and locked with iron Vorlegestangen. The girls slept there until noon; When the midday meal was served together, the doors of the barracks opened, and the girls left this room in a row (76 cbm air = 9 cbm on each person, in the cells of the district court of Vienna 18-20) cbm for the convict) into which they were imprisoned immediately after lunch. They spent the afternoon there and could only leave the barracks. if the housekeeper brought her because a visitor requested her. It was not until the evening that they were led into the drawing-room, where the windows were kept in the same way as in the bedrooms.
The visitor, who went with a girl “to the room”, had to pay from 10 Kr. Up to the Riehl, or the Pollak, the confidante of the Riehl. Also the so-called stocking money had to deliver the girls while avoiding insults and beatings. When hitting the Riehl used the hand, the poker or a dog whip. The cries of maltreated girls have been heard by witnesses at a great distance.
Sometimes, when especially solvent gentlemen came, the prostitutes had to imagine themselves in street clothes and were given out as bourgeois daughters and young women. The daily income should have been 200-400 kroner. However, the girls never got any money in their hands, the Riehl never billed them. If girls wanted to go away, the Riehl claimed that the girl owed her several hundred crowns for lodgings, food and clothes, which she first had to earn.
The girls’ wardrobe consisted of two shirts and petticoats, stockings and a pair of atlas shoes; in the cold season they still got a dressing gown. The clothes that they had brought into the house were taken from them at the entrance and kept by the Riehl.
The correspondence of the girls was under strict control; incoming letters that did not suit the accused were misappropriated. What the girls wrote had to be read to the Riehl; If she found something to complain about, she tore up the letter and dictated a new one, in which the girl happily praised herself for having taken up residence in this house.
An exit was not allowed to the girls; the caretaker had been warned to keep the front door locked: in case a girl escaped, he was threatened with immediate release.
Juliane B. was locked up in a room for four days, so that she was not even able to go to the place of worship.
Under such circumstances it often happened that a girl did not come out for weeks or even months. Only now and then those girls, with whom the Riehl was satisfied, were allowed to enter the garden at the house.
At times, the Riehl undertook exits with individual prostitutes, visiting amusement bars with them, in order to draw the attention of the living world to their company. She entrusted the girls with jewelery and gave them their purse to carry them, if they had wanted to run away, to accuse them of stealing jewelry and money.
In the house, the girls had to animate the guests to drink and get drunk themselves at the expense of the guests. The disgust of certain perversities that the visitors demanded of them, the fear of the pain involved, was not tolerated; by abuse and maltreatment such sensitivity was expelled from them. “A Bohemian Madel has to do everything!” Said the Riehl. The witness King showed the witness Bader large welts on the whole body and extensive Blutunterlaufungen. In the house frequented many “floggers” for the dog whips and rods were available. For the beatings there was a separate tax, according to which the clients had to pay 50 to 100 kr. but the girls only got the beating.
Most girls were so exhausted by continued idleness, frequent alcohol and sexual excesses, and maltreatment on the part of the Riehl, whose victims or witnesses they had been, so intimidated that few were energetic enough to carry out their liberation. On such occasions, Regina Riehl used to threaten the police, push, or workhouse, and these threats were all the more likely to get in the hands of largely inexperienced girls when they saw how well the Riehl got along with the authorities.
If a girl went to flee and failed the attempt, it was brought back under beating. Addressing the police directly was impossible because police revisions were extremely rare and medical visits made it impossible to speak openly about the presence of Riehl or Pollak.
Maria Kotzlik has taught herself an injury in order to be able to escape from hospital when discharged. But Pollak supervised the progress of recovery on her visits, and stood by the front of the gate on the day and hour of discharge in which she brought the girl back to Riehl.
Regina Riehl was born in 1860 in Wradisch, Protestant-Lutheran religion, brothel owner; already in the years 1890, 1893 and 1895 a total of four times for culpability, last with four months of severe arrest convictions. Her brothel she had to Vienna first in the Porzellangasse, then Mühlgasse 3, Liechtensteiner Strasse 15, last Grüne Torgasse 24. Her husband was an accountant, later also authorized signatory. She had come to the thought of holding a brothel to create a sideline. She had obligations, and she wanted to save her money and show her husband that she was a good landlady. You I rented a big apartment and rented it to a lady from the Karl-Theater. This lady had lured gentlemen into their apartment and then persuaded them by money promises to hold a “performance house”. Her husband had known nothing about it; she had done it secretly. The furnishing of their houses cost them 40000 kr. She bought the house in the Liechtensteiner Straße for 25,000 guilders. The fees in the house Riehl allegedly have contributed for the evening no hundred gulden. The “Lucky Lords” paid a guilder, the “Italians” also, the doctors from the General Hospital and Vienna Hospital paid three florins, the “gentlemen of the tax office” a guilder, regulars five guilders.
The accomplice Pollak was born on October 4, 1838 in Pravonin, a Moslem religion, married, irreproachable, but under investigation for the trafficking of girls.
The Riehl was punished by the heavy three-and-a-half-year quarterly prison tightened by a fast day and a total of 2800 Kr. Satisfaction for deprivation of liberty to some girls Pollak becomes a heavy jailer aggravated with two days of fasting a month. sentenced.”
This process took place in November 1906. It may be added for those who believe, for example, that this is a report from the distant past.
The indignation over this publication was honest, not only in Austria, but also in other countries. In Germany they began to act against those people who brought girls from one brothel to the other. They used to be left unmolested because they were only harmless travel companions, now they are treated as a coupler and girl trader.
A brothel owner who brought two girls from Moravian Ostrau to Lübeck and was arrested in Berlin, received nine months in prison for being tied up. His revision was rejected by the Reichsgericht.
Despite this, the number of brothel trailers is still very large and influential.