This is a western substitute teacher who will be retired. He taught in the barren mountain village for 22 years and taught 30 college students. He is poor and sick, but he likens himself to a tree on a mountain ridge. The longer it gets, the deeper it takes. Then, the retreat means that he is going to be “rooted up” and he asks “I don’t know what I did wrong.”
After the snow-covered mountains, Wang Jianlin, who still holds a monthly salary of 200 yuan, is used to looking back at the window filled with ice. His vision is blurred by eye diseases, like the swaying future. This year, the substitute teacher in Huining County of Gansu Province will be “cleared” out of the historical stage with the remaining 310,000 substitute teachers in China.
For this large and silent group, this is another difficult time after the Ministry of Education issued the “clearance order” four years ago. Some of them have turned around with compensations of several hundred yuan, and the rest are waiting. The fate of the ruling.
The news aroused the public’s attention. People used the network organization such as QQ group to call for the fair treatment of substitute teachers. The various public welfare actions aimed at finding and subsidizing substitute teachers were also launched.
Although the Ministry of Education subsequently clarified the “unclear timetable for clearing off”, on January 22, the department announced that it was strictly forbidden to hire new substitutes. Several provinces and municipalities have successively issued a plan to retreat, which still indicates that “clearing” will enter the final stage. Countdown.
He and youth: ideal, entrusted, rooted
During the winter vacation, Changshan Primary School in Hanjiatun Township, Huining County, Gansu Province was empty. The children just walked for a few days, and the fear of losing their teaching posts plagued the substitute teacher Wang Jianlin. “I read the news and said that I want to retreat.” On the afternoon of January 15, sitting in the classroom with the Chinese Pinyin literacy card, 47-year-old Wang Jianlin spread his hands. “I don’t like the word ‘clearing’, like A group of people called Hanako. Now, he is in Gansu, one of the provinces with the largest number of substitute teachers in China, and will retreat the remaining 21,000 class substitutes, most of them in remote rural areas.
If it wasn’t for the new school building two years ago, Changshan Primary School was just a simple teaching point for two mud houses and a wooden toilet. A skipping rope and a ball were all the furniture. When it rained, the mud water did not pass the ankle.
Wang Jianlin was a teacher in the 22nd class here, and the two generations in the village were his students. “The best years are spent here.” The same age in the village said.
Teacher Wang’s skin is a bit dark, his face is thin, and serious eye problems even make him unable to see the lesson plans. “I am teaching with my heart.” He said, “The most I want to do in my life is to stand on the platform.”
In 1980, Wang Jianlin fell to the top of the college entrance examination. He believed that the education of Mao Zedong gave him “a lofty revolutionary enthusiasm” and he responded to a call to a large-scale state-owned Lanzhou Petrochemical as a porter. “What I want to do most is the teacher. Only the noble and comprehensive talents are worthy of being on the stage, and they are worthy of being exemplary.” He always thought so.
In the winter of 1987, due to long-term poverty, lack of nutrition and leg problems, the older brother of the contemporary class teacher in the rural areas suddenly became ill. When Wang Jianlin rushed back from Lanzhou, the older brother who could not stand up asked him to give more than 30 children a substitute.
However, just over ten days later, his brother’s condition deteriorated. At the time of his death, he once again emphasized his last words: “Help these children in the village.”
In fact, if Wang Jianlin chooses to be a substitute teacher from the city to return to the countryside, it means that the monthly salary will change from 90 yuan to 40 yuan, and may also suffer the same fate as the big brother. So, he hesitated at the time.
Later, the cadres of the township education committee went to the door to lobby, and the father said that he could not delay the child. Thinking about a Spring Festival, Wang Jianlin decided to stay: “I think my father is right. These children, if they don’t have a teacher, will affect their lives.”
He put on the neat military uniform and boarded the podium, which was piled up in the mud. The name of his brother is still used in the register.
”I didn’t have a chance to go back to the city.” 22 years later, Wang Jianlin often fell into a meditation with a cup of tea. “But sometimes people are like the trees on the mountain beams. Once they are rooted, they will only get deeper and deeper. ”
He and the child: every child is my sun
He often took the burden, braved the heavy snow to transport some coal, and the classroom warmed up, but he was busy using his clothes to wipe the mischievous boy’s nose.
In the late 1980s, when Wang Jianlin took office, it was the fastest growing period of Chinese substitute teachers. The promulgation of the compulsory education law has stimulated the surge in educated age and has also highlighted the shortage of teachers. Substitute teachers have become a lifeline for grassroots education. They were originally farmers, then they were called “private teachers” and later changed to “substitute teachers”, with a peak of 580,000 people.
For a long time, Wang Jianlin could not adapt to the condolence of this kind of life – to realize his dream, but at the expense of losing his brother. Fortunately, the children dispelled the clouds for him. In 22 years, he taught more than 400 students, 30 of whom became college students. “I hope they can be good people.”
The original school building of Changshan Primary School is located in the low-lying area at the center of the village, and it is also a raging place for rain. The dark classroom allowed Wang Jianlin to write a blackboard on the blackboard. Rainy days are the most headaches. He needs to constantly change the arrangement of tables and chairs to keep the children out of the funnel-like roof.
A former student recalled Mr. Wang: he often took the burden, braved the heavy snow to transport some coal, and the classroom warmed up, but he was busy using his clothes to wipe the mischievous boy’s nose.
The annual teaching fee of 600 yuan is hard to add a piece of paper in addition to buying coal for heating. Wang Jianlin used a waste wood to make a triangle ruler and a counter. A used horn was used to put some children’s songs and Tang poems when children were free to move.
In the summer of 1997, Wang Jianlin was found in an eye disease. His eyes were swollen like a light bulb, his eyes were blurred and his eyes were afraid of light. In the end, he had to be covered with gauze and lectured by memory. After a cadre of the township education committee learned of it, he applied for a medical fee of 300 yuan. This part restored his vision and left behind the sequelae. “I feel good in my heart.” Wang Jianlin, who is getting blind, smiled and asked the reporter to rest assured. “Every child is my sun.”
Wang Jianlin also brought 20 students in three grades, using a double-teaching, that is, a teacher gave different classes to students of different grades at the same time. This can be seen from the blackboard he left in the classroom: preschool class learning pinyin, first grade student words, second grade learning addition and subtraction. In the traditional method, Wang’s “common motion and static” compound teaching method has been published in some educational journals.
Even the heavy snow wrapped Changshan Elementary School into a white. Although it was a holiday, on January 16th, Wang Jianlin carefully cleaned every corner. “I can’t see the child, I always have no decline in my heart.”
Most of Wang Jianlin’s students have now gone out of the mountains and have achieved success. Not long ago, a student who had become a white-collar worker in Lanzhou felt the difficulties of his alma mater, and he was very pleased to organize a group of sports articles.
Wang Jianlin has the ancient style of the Northwesters who are stubborn and Shangyi. He encourages students to pursue a healthy and free life, not a utilitarian and practical pursuit.
One of his former students who wanted to dedicate themselves to charity after entering the university, Wang Jianlin became the only supporter in the village. “The poor can also help the poor.”
In 2005, a journalist accidentally discovered this substitute teacher who often squinted. The report attracted attention and Wang Jianlin was invited to participate in some social welfare activities. Once he was arranged to stay in the hotel in Lanzhou, he went into the luxury bathroom and he “had not come out”. He said that he suddenly remembered the open-air shack in the school. “The children are still suffering, but I am enjoying it,” thinking I was sad alone.
He and the family: between Zhongxiao
At the time of his death, his father smashed Wang Jianlin three things: planting crops, taking care of his mother, and running a good school. Wang Jianlin apologized that he did not have filial piety. His father said that he would teach the children in the village.
In 22 years, Wang Jianlin’s monthly salary has increased from 40 yuan to 200 yuan, but sharing this harvest is not only his family of five, but also the two children left by the big brother. “As a man, I am very embarrassed.” Wang Jianlin often blames the family for living too hard. He did not work part-time because of the hardships of life like other substitute teachers. First, his eyes were not allowed. Second, he felt that he was humiliated. He and his wife, Zhang Yingfang, took the job of a single woven carpet for a limousine passenger to step on.
The dense wool thread made him almost put his eyes on the shuttle, and he shed tears after a long time. His wife stopped his self-harm and pushed him outside the house.
In the Southern Weekend, in 2005 and 2008, the western substitute teachers were reported, and the modern teachers were the “poorest people in the village.” In some remote areas, some substitute teachers even hold 40 yuan monthly salary for decades. Although the phenomenon of equal pay for equal work has been widely criticized, it still does not help to change the fate of their discrimination.
Wang Jianlin, who is unruly, does not care. The younger brother who worked outside gave him a suit. He liked the feeling of being neat and tidy. The cheap shoes were wiped and rubbed again. “People can’t look down on themselves. I am the teacher of two generations in the village.”
Wang Jianlin’s home is deep in the foothills, the curtains have been torn by the cold wind, and the patterns of the walls are also mottled. In the face of the decline of the family business, the peasant Wang Jianlin and the teacher Wang Jianlin often fall into confrontation and contradiction. “This home, I owe too much.”
Wang Jianlin’s father died in the summer of 1996. Earlier, the old man had often complained that the abdomen was bloated. Wang Jianlin thought that he was only a stomach ailment. He did not use a tricycle to take his father to the county hospital until summer vacation. The doctor diagnosed the advanced liver cancer, leaving only one month.
When I came back from the county, my father began to vomit blood. Wang Jianlin fell into guilt and fear, taking advantage of his father to secretly make a coffin. The old man had already noticed that there was not much time. When he died, he married his son three things: planting crops, taking care of his mother, and running a good school. Wang Jianlin apologized that he did not have filial piety. His father said that he would teach the children in the village.
On the other hot summer day, the mother with a sudden heart-lung disease died in painful breathing. Later, due to innocent care, her daughter’s epilepsy became more serious, eventually affecting her intelligence. At the age of 18, she was still in the first day.
Wang Jianlin left his empty home with his wife and children and lived in school. The villagers recalled that the day of school, every evening, they would see this thin man carrying a line of children in the fields of the ditch, and the sunset reflected them into a noisy and heroic team. “Without Teacher Wang, the dolls will still be fat in the future,” said one villager.
In August 2007, the new Changshan Primary School, where Wang Jianlin was born, was funded by a caring person. It is located on the top of the mountain at the northern end of the village, which truly becomes a commanding height of geography and psychology. On the day of the official start of the class, Wang Jianlin and the children chased and ran on the flat and clean land. The laughter and cheers intertwine the light music in the old speakers and rang through the mountains.
He and “they”: survivors, victims
Even if the “Zhuangyuan County” will be rehabilitated in the respect of the teacher, the substitute teacher is still a heavy topic. Here, the government puts more than half of its fiscal expenditures into education every year, cultivating more than 60,000 college students and an amazing rate of enrollment, but it is no different from most parts of the western region. The substitute teachers here are still in the corner where they are not concerned.
According to the statistics of the Huining County Education Bureau, Huining has 158 substitute teachers since 2007, and the remaining 771 will also be retired on the principle of “individual voluntary, government compensation”. However, the compensation standard official did not want to disclose, “mainly too little money, not too good to say.” A local education official said.
This is very different from the county’s ambitions in the “transfer to the public” attempt in 2004. In that year, 177 substitute teachers passed the examination to obtain the right to change their qualifications. However, three years later, this was widely praised as “willing to create a move” but ended in “abortion”. “I am a survivor, but I am standing on countless victims.” Wang Jianlin said. In 1995, he successfully passed the “transfer to the public” exam, but when he checked his personal files, he found that he had replaced the name of his eldest brother. This became a return to the life of Wang Jianlin’s teaching career. Since then, he has no chance due to academic problems. Turn positive. “When I waited for the ‘transfer of the public’, I felt like I was sentenced to life imprisonment. Now I am retired. It is a death sentence, but what have we done wrong?”
This made Wang Jianlin feel helpless. After the retiring policy was introduced, a township education committee cadre had consulted him and was willing to resign automatically. Wang Jianlin reluctantly refused, saying that he can do it without spending money. “When I was an education volunteer, I died without regret.”
On January 17, Wang Jianlin wore leather shoes and went to Xianglin Village, 10 km away, to visit the acting teacher Wang Yingbin. They met at a double-educational seminar two years ago and later became friends of the same fate.
Wang Yingbin’s yard was full of corn kernels, but there was no joy of harvesting—his wife suffered from schizophrenia and stayed in bed all day. In order to support a family of five, Wang Yingbin went to the township site to work hard after class, and then corrected the homework overnight.
Wang Jianlin heartaches the hard work of his friends and the demise of his dignity. Wang Yingbin then talked about a few substitute teachers who automatically resigned. They became migrant workers, but the salary was 10 times that of teaching. Wang Yingbin said that there is nothing wrong with it, and that is also a way out. The scene fell silent.
Back home, Wang Jianlin has a heavy expression. Outside the window, the snow covered the sky, Wang Jianlin added charcoal to warm up, and accompanied the Southern Weekend reporter to the late night. Also talked about the past events that were invited to Beijing in 2007: a charity organization invited dozens of rural teachers, including Wang Jianlin, to concentrate on capital training to improve the quality of the western teaching staff. At an exchange meeting, a lawyer who was present as a guest was informed that a substitute teacher was present and asked the organizer without hesitation: “I have to retreat, why should I spend money to train them?” This challenged Wang Jianlin’s Dignity, he snatched the microphone and replied: “You can divide the teachers into three or six, etc., but the children are equal, and they all need education.” Wang Jianlin, who was depressed, came to Tiananmen Square with the mighty crowd. “At the time I looked at the portrait of Chairman Mao in the distance, and the tears flowed down,” he recalled.