Q: What is a cold?
A: Generally, it refers to diseases with upper respiratory tract symptoms of nasopharynx as the main manifestation caused by cold and overwork.
Symptoms: mainly nasal obstruction, runny nose and sneezing. No obvious fever, no obvious influence on physical strength and appetite, no obvious symptoms such as headache, arthralgia and general malaise. General _ Upper respiratory symptoms are very severe, but the whole body is relatively mild and there is generally no danger.
Q: What is flu?
A: Respiratory diseases caused by influenza virus infection are not only upper respiratory tract problems, but also lower respiratory tract infections, namely pneumonia. Influenza is often prevalent in winter and spring, including influenza A and B.
Symptoms: Influenza patients suffer from acute onset, severe symptoms, multiple systemic symptoms, fever, temperature rise above 39 degrees within one or two days, headache, muscle weakness, and decreased appetite. For the elderly, obese children, pregnant women or people with diseases, influenza can lead to very severe pneumonia and even death.
Q: What are the symptoms of pneumonia infected by new coronavirus?
A: asymptomatic drug carriers: they do not suffer from the disease after infection, and only the virus is detected in the respiratory tract. therefore, citizens returning from the place where the epidemic occurred are required to take the initiative to report and isolate themselves.
Patients with mild diseases: only slight physical discomfort such as fever, cough and aversion to cold.
Severe patients: The early symptoms, especially fever, cough and gradually worsening fatigue in the first 3 to 5 days, worsen one week later and develop to pneumonia or even severe pneumonia. Severe patients will suffer from respiratory acceleration, respiratory failure, multiple organ damage, etc. If the condition is further aggravated, life support systems such as breathing machine may be required, and death may also be caused. The typical pneumonia cases infected by new coronavirus have a gradual aggravation process. By the second week, the illness is often the most serious.
Q: In addition to fever, headache, runny nose, cough and sore throat also occur. What should I do?
A: If the body temperature is lower than 38C, the patient shall be isolated at home, reported according to local regulations, closely observe the changes of symptoms, and take ibuprofen and other drugs according to the instructions. If you feel serious, go to the community hospital first. If your body temperature exceeds 38C, go to the fever clinic.
Q: There is no obvious fever, but the whole body is distended, abdominal pain and diarrhea. What should I do?
A: isolation of minor diseases and treatment of severe diseases. At present, the first symptoms of new coronavirus infection include gastrointestinal discomfort. In case of diarrhea, attention should be paid to home isolation, nutrition, and drinking more sugar and salt water. If symptoms worsen, see a doctor in time.
Q: Is it important to feel chest tightness but not fever?
A: discrimination. Chest tightness can be caused by mental stress, heart disease, asthma, chronic lung diseases, etc. If there are hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, heart disease, chronic lung diseases, etc. in the past, or the rest at home is not improved, it is recommended to see a doctor in a hospital.
Q: If the patient has discomfort symptoms such as fever and chest tightness, should he continue to observe at home?
A: In case of fever accompanied by chest tightness and discomfort, one should keep high vigilance and seek medical treatment as soon as possible. It is better to walk (wear mask and try not to take elevator) to the nearest medical institution for blood routine examination, CRP, chest CT examination and virus-related examination.
Q: I have been in contact with suspected patients, but there is no discomfort at present. What should I do?
A: It is suggested that the patient should be observed in isolation at home for 14 days, mainly to monitor the change of body temperature. Take your body temperature every morning and night. If you have suspected fever and cough symptoms within 14 days, it is recommended to go to the fever clinic of a designated medical institution.
Q: What is a cold?